Beacon Hill, Boston, Massachusetts

Beacon Hill is a historic neighborhood of Boston, Massachusetts. Designated a National Historic Landmark in 1962, it is known for its federal-style rowhouses, narrow, gas-lit streets and brick sidewalks. Today, Beacon Hill is regarded as one of the most desirable and exclusive neighborhoods in Boston. Like many similarly named areas, the neighborhood is named for the location of a former beacon atop the highest point in central Boston, once located just behind the current site of the Massachusetts State House.

The Beacon Hill area is located just north of Boston Common and the Boston Public Garden and is bounded generally by Beacon Street on the south, Somerset Street on the east, Cambridge Street to the north and Storrow Drive along the riverfront of the Charles River Esplanade to the west. The block bounded by Beacon, Tremont and Park Streets is included as well, as is the Boston Common itself. The level section of the neighborhood west of Charles Street, on landfill, is known locally as the “Flat of the Hill.”

Over time, notable residents of Beacon Hill have included (in alphabetical order): Louisa May Alcott, John Cheever, Michael Crichton, Robert Frost, John Hancock, Oliver Wendell Holmes (senior and junior), Edward M. Kennedy, John Kerry, Henry Cabot Lodge, Sylvia Plath, George Santayana, Carly Simon and Daniel Webster. Few neighborhoods are able to boast of so many illustrious residents.

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