South Boston, Massachusetts

The South End is a neighborhood of Boston, Massachusetts. It lies south of the Back Bay, northwest of South Boston, northeast of Roxbury, north of Dorchester and southwest of Bay Village. In spite of its name, it is not directly south of the center of downtown Boston. The neighborhood is built on a former tidal marsh, with fill brought in by trains from large trenches of gravel excavated in Needham, Massachusetts.

The primary business thoroughfares of the South End are Tremont and Washington Streets, from West Newton Street to Berkeley Street. Washington Street, the original causeway that connected Roxbury to Boston, experienced considerable reinvestment during the 1990s. The Boston Redevelopment Authority identifies several subdistricts covering the southeast portion of the neighborhood: SOWA, New York Streets, Back Streets and the Medical area.

The South End is built mostly of mid-19th century bowfronts. These aesthetically uniform rows of five-story, predominantly red-brick structures, are of mixed residential and commercial uses. Row houses built during the last quarter of the 19th century, especially along the present Southwest Corridor Park, show the influence of Charles Eastlake. Today, the South End is listed on the National Register of Historic Places and is a Boston Landmark District. The South End is home to the Boston Ballet, the Boston Center for the Arts (BCA) and the Boston Medical Center.

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