Hanover is a town in Plymouth County, Massachusetts. The town was first settled by English settlers in 1649 when William Barstow, a farmer, built a bridge along the North River at what is now Washington Street. The name Hanover is probably a tribute to King George I, the first Hanoverian King of Great Britain. Hanover’s early industry revolved around farming, small mills and a shipbuilding area along the North River. Later industries would include tack factories and shoe factories along the smaller waterways in the town. The town was the site of the invention of the first tack-making machine. Making tacks and fireworks were among the town’s industries of the later 19th century. Hanover today is primarily residential.
Hanover is considered to be a part of the state’s South Shore. It is bordered by Norwell to the north and east, Pembroke and Hanson to the south and Rockland to the west and northwest. Hanover is approximately 10 miles (16 km) east of Brockton and 20 miles (32 km) southeast of Boston.
Hanover is governed by the open town meeting form of government, led a board of selectmen. The town has its own police and fire departments, with five firehouses in Hanover Center, North Hanover, West Hanover, Hanover Four Corners and the Fireworks neighborhood. The town has its own ambulance service, with the nearest hospitals being Brockton Hospital and South Shore Hospital in Weymouth.