Rowley is a town in Essex County, Massachusetts. In spring of 1639, Rowley was originally settled as a plantation by Reverend Ezekiel Rogers, who had arrived from England on the ship John of London with some 20 families. The John of London also brought over the first printing press in the colonies, which was later brought to Harvard University. The town was named after Rowley, East Riding of Yorkshire.
The years 1643 and 1645 saw the construction of a fulling mill and grist mill, respectively. The town became known for its hemp and flax cloth, as well as cotton. In 1642, a keystone arch bridge and a dam were built on the Mill River for the fulling mill, the first such in the colonies. The bridge there was the first stone arch bridge in North America, constructed entirely of hand-chiseled granite and containing no mortar. A sawmill that was established in town in 1669 is still in business today. A wagon factory was built in 1868 by Moses E. Daniels. Later, at the start of the 20th century, the town had a booming shoe industry, as well as successful boat building businesses.
Many colonial homes line Rowley’s streets, mixed in with a variety of architectural styles. The town common (historically called the training place), is surrounded by many simple yet graceful old homes. It was there that Benedict Arnold’s expedition to Quebec encamped in 1775, during the American Revolution.